General description of Gilsonite in Oil Drilling Fluid systems
The unique properties of Gilsonite such as low specific gravity, particle-size distribution, impermeability, resistance to corrosive fluids, chemical inertness, and low water requirements result in a slurry having exceptional bridging properties, low slurry weight, compatibility with other slurry additives, and relatively high compressive strength when compared to other slury of the same weight.Drilling fluid loss control component appears to be particularly important to fluid loss control as FLC and to act as a shale inhibitor. This loss control by itself would tend to cause an increase in fluid viscosity but this is effectively dealt with by the other components which make up the additive of the invention.
The fluid loss containing filtrate loss control fluids and chemical drilling mud additives, namely, containing filtrate loss control fluids for use in the oil and gas well drilling industry.
As indicated earlier, the additive of the invention comprises the product obtained by reacting together in the presence of water, quebracho, lignite,FLC,sodium sulfite, paraformaldehyde and sodium hydroxide. Each of the indicated components is essential to obtain optimum results according to the invention.
The reaction conditions used to make the product of the invention can be fairly widely varied. Usually, however, the product is prepared by heating the indicated components in a sealed reaction vessel at a temperature in the order of 100 to 150C. for a period of 120 to 30 minutes, it being appreciated that shorter times can be used as the temperature is increased. It appears that the reaction results in sulphomethylation and caustization of a complex formed between the quebracho, lignite and asphaltite although the chemistry involved is highly complex and not fully understood. In any case, the resulting composition, which is essentially water-soluble, is preferably dried and may be stored for subsequent blending with conventional clay-based aqueous drilling dispersions or drilling fluids. This blending advantageously is carried out on site although it will be appreciated that the additive may be pre-packed with the drilling fluid.
Gilsonite is Suitable Fluid Loss Control in Oil well Drilling Fluid Systems
Typically the Gilsonite is fluid loss control addtive that available in Turkey in rock form and pulverize to 200 mesh. The natural asphalt has flash point of 380C. and a softening point of minimum 205C. This asphaltite using by our customers worldwide in SLB, Scomi, Halliburton.
Use of FLC(Gilsonite) in fluid loss system
Gilsonite fluid loss additive has been added to drilling fluids to give better stability of well walls, to lubricate the drill string in a well, to seal microfractures and thus prevent the formation of larger fractures and to decrease the loss of filtrate to formations at high temperatures.
The use of FLC in drilling fluid dispersions or muds, to coat the walls of well holes, is an old and well-established procedure. The purpose of the fluid is to stabilize the walls of the hole by forming a relatively thin but strongly adherent coating or cake on the walls. The coating must be able to withstand relatively high temperatures and it should be resistant to the passage of moisture or fluid there through.
Drilling Fluids system advantage
- Provides superior shale stabilization
- Prevents differential sticking
- Reduces or eliminates lost circulation
- Provides wellbore strengthening matrix
Packing of drilling fluid loss control lump and powder form
FLC in lump form like rock packed in 500~1000 kg jumbo bag
FLC 200 mesh packed in 500~1000kg jumbo bag
Drilling fluid additive 300 mesh packed in 500~1000 kg jumbo bag
30-40 mesh packed in 500~1000kg jumbo bag
100 mesh packed in 500~1000 kg jumbo bag
300 mesh packed in 25kg pp bag
200 mesh packed 25 kg multi paper bag
200 mesh packed 50lbs multi paper bag
Drilling fluid additive 30-40 mesh packed pp bag on pallet
Bulk on vessel
Specification of fluid loss control with Drilling Fluid application
|ASTM-D4||81||SOLUBILITY IS CS2,WT%||5|
|ASTM-D3289||1.11||SPECIFIC GRAVITY @25 C||6|
|ASTM-D3279||79||NORMAL HEPTHAN INSOLUBLES,WT%||7|
|——————-||Black||COLOR IS MASS||8|
|——————-||Black||COLOR IN STREAK OR POWDER||9|